Family Planning (FP) allows individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. It is achieved through use of contraceptive methods and the treatment of involuntary infertility. Displacement can increase people’s desire and need for family planning while they simultaneously experience increased barriers to access. Due to the health risks of pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) – including the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and unsafe abortion, unprotected and unsafe sex is an important risk factor for disability and death. Unwanted pregnancies, and the risk of unsafe abortions, are also by-products of a breakdown in social order in which sexual assault and sex work may become more common. It is therefore vital that family planning is integrated into a humanitarian response and existing supply systems, to ensure that contraceptives such as condoms, pills, injectables, emergency contraceptive pills, and intrauterine devices (IUDs) are available to meet demand from the onset of an emergency.
For more information about the IAWG’s work on voluntary contraception, please see the Voluntary Contraception Sub-Working Group page .
For emergency contraception key messages and facts and statistics, please visit here.