In humanitarian settings, the vulnerabilities for STI transmission include sexual violence and sexual abuse and exploitation, the presence of high mobility workers, transactional sex, alcohol and drug use, lack of information and access to condoms and high population density in camps. Even in low prevalence settings, the stage is set for STIs, including HIV, to quickly spread in the absence of appropriate and effective interventions.

Facts & Stats

8% to 90% of the global burden of STIs occurs in the developing world. An estimated 340 million episodes of curable sexually transmitted infections (chlamydial infections, gonorrhoea, syphilis, trichomoniasis) occur throughout the world every year.

Reference: WHO, Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Infections: 2006-2015: Breaking the Chain of Transmission, Geneva, 2007.