Complications during pregnancy and childbirth are the second leading cause of death for 15-19 year-old girls globally; 11% of all births worldwide are still to girls aged 15 to 19 years old. The vast majority of these births (95%) occur in low- and middle-income countries.
Globally, 25% of pregnancies ended in abortion in 2010–2014. Women in developing regions have a higher likelihood of having an abortion than their counterparts in developed regions: The abortion rates are 37 per 1,000 women and 27 per 1,000, respectively.
Almost all abortion-related deaths occur in developing countries, with the highest number occurring in Africa. Recent studies estimate that 8% to 18% of maternal deaths worldwide are due to unsafe abortion, and the number of abortion-related deaths in 2014 ranged from 22,500 to 44,000
During 2010–2014, an estimated 56 million induced abortions occurred each year worldwide. This number represents an increase from 50 million annually during 1990–1994, mainly because of population growth.
Newborn or neonatal deaths account for 45% of all deaths among children under 5. The majority of all neonatal deaths (75%) occur during the first week of life, and between 25% to 45% occur within the first 24 hours.
Maternal Death Review Reports were used to analyze maternal deaths that occurred in 2008–2010 in 25 refugee camps in 10 countries. Reports were available on 108 deaths, including 68 in Kenya. In every country but Bangladesh, maternal mortality ratios were lower among refugees than among the host population. The proportion of women who had had four or more antenatal care visits was lower among refugee women who had died (33%) than among the general refugee population (79%). Seventy-eight percent of the maternal deaths followed delivery or abortion, and 56% of those deaths occurred within 24 hours.
According to World Bank data, the estimated maternal mortality rate in DRC decreased from 717 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births between 2006-2010, to 693 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births between 2010-2015
Reference: Maternal Mortality Ratio, World Bank, 2015
16 million women aged 15–19 give birth each year, representing about 11% of all births worldwide. Ninety-five percent of these births occur in low- and middle-income countries. The average adolescent birth rate in middle income countries is more than twice as high as that in high-income countries; the rate in low-income countries is five times as high. More than 50% of births in sub-Saharan Africa take place during adolescence.
In Uganda, the annual abortion rate is 54 abortions per 1,000 women of reproductive age. The average rate for East Africa is 36 abortions per 1,000 women. Fifteen out of every 1,000 Ugandan women of reproductive age were treated for abortion complications in 2003. Women using the least safe abortion methods had the highest levels of complications: an estimated 68% to 75% of poor rural women who had had an abortion experienced complications, compared with 17% of non-poor urban women who went to a doctor.
Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region with the highest under-five mortality rate in the world, with 1 child in 12 dying before his or her fifth birthday. This is far higher than the average ratio of 1 in 147 in high-income countries.