MNH-AoF-4000x1272

Maternal and Newborn Health

Hemorrhage, sepsis, prolonged labor, obstructed labor, unsafe abortions, and eclampsia are the primary causes of maternal death and disability. The primary causes of newborn death include preventable infections (tetanus, sepsis, pneumonia, diarrhea), birth asphyxia and injuries, prematurity, and congenital complications. The interventions necessary to save lives and reduce disability are known and include access to skilled care during childbirth, access to emergency obstetric and newborn care, and access to modern contraceptives.

For more information about the IAWG’s work on maternal and newborn health (MNH), please see the MNH Sub-Working Group page .

 

Key Messages:

In 2015, conflict-affected countries had the highest maternal mortality ratios (MMRs). The top 10 countries were Sierra Leone (1,360 deaths per 100,000 live births), Central African Republic (882), Chad (856), Nigeria (814), South Sudan (789), Somalia (732), Liberia (725), Burundi (712), Gambia (706), and Democratic Republic of Congo (693).

Globally, 41 women will die every hour from pregnancy-related causes and 99% of these deaths occur in developing countries.

More than 80% of maternal deaths are caused by hemorrhage, infection, unsafe abortion, obstructed labor, and hypertensive diseases of pregnancy. The majority of these deaths could be prevented if access to quality reproductive health services, equipment, supplies, and skilled healthcare workers was available.

Facts & Stats

iconmonstr-police-9-240 (1)

Maternal mortality has declined; in 2013, the global maternal mortality ratio (MMR) was 210 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, down from 380 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 1990 (a 45% reduction).

Reference: World Health Organization. United Nations Agencies Report Steady Progress in Saving Mothers’ Lives, 2014.
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2014/maternal-mortality/en/

piechart

The highest lifetime risk of maternal death is in Somalia and Chad where women face a 1 in 18 and 1 in 15 lifetime risk, respectively.

Reference: World Health Organization. United Nations Agencies Report Steady Progress in Saving Mothers’ Lives, 2014. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2014/maternal-mortality/en/

iconmonstr-chart-1-120

Ten countries account for about 60% of global maternal deaths: India (50,000), Nigeria (40,000), Democratic Republic of the Congo (21,000), Ethiopia (13,000), Indonesia (8,800), Pakistan (7,900), United Republic of Tanzania (7,900), Kenya (6,300), China (5,900) and Uganda (5,900).

Reference: World Health Organization. United Nations Agencies Report Steady Progress in Saving Mothers’ Lives, 2014. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2014/maternal-mortality/en/

iconmonstr-info-7-240

Recent studies estimate that 8–18% of maternal deaths worldwide are due to unsafe abortion.

Reference: Guttmacher Institute. Induced Abortion Worldwide, 2016.